Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 102 - 108 2019-10-31

Brassicaceae, Chenopodiaceae ve Urticaceae Familyalarına Ait Bazı Bitkilerin Arbusküler Mikorhizal Funguslar (AMF)’la İlişkisi
Relationship Between Brassicaceae, Chenopodiaceae and Urticaceae Families With Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF)

Hasret GÜNEŞ [1] , Semra DEMİR [2] , Emre DEMİRER DURAK [3]


Bu çalışma, bahsedilen familyalara ait bazı bitki türlerinin [Raphanus sativus (turp), Brassica oleracea (karnabahar), Spinacia oleracea (ıspanak) ve Urtica dioica (ısırgan otu)] ticari AMF, Glomus intraradices, Gigaspora margarita AMF türleri ile olan etkileşimini belirlemek amacıyla iklim odasında kontrollü koşullarda, tesadüf parselleri deneme desenine göre kurulmuştur. Deneme sonunda AMF kök kolonizasyonu, mikorhizal bağımlılık, topraktaki spor yoğunluğu, fosfor (P) miktarı belirlenmiş ve bitki gelişim parametreleri değerlendirilmiştir. Elde edilen verilere göre söz konusu bitki türlerinin (ısırgan otu hariç) AMF ile simbiyotik ilişki kurduğu belirlenmiştir. En yüksek AMF kök kolonizasyonu ve mikorhizal bağımlılık oranı ıspanak x ticari AMF kombinasyonunda tespit edilmiştir. Ticari AMF’nin karnabahar ve ıspanak bitkileriyle mikorhizal uyum ve gelişme açısından diğer bitkilere göre daha iyi performans gösterdiği saptanmıştır. Mikorhizal bağımlılığı en düşük AMF Gigaspora margarita olarak belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca toplam fosfor içeriği açısından, deneme kapsamındaki tüm bitkilerde  mikorhizal olan ve mikorhizal olmayanlar arasında istatistiki olarak önemli fark bulunmamıştır. 

This study was carried out to determine the interaction of some plant species belonging to these families [Raphanus sativus (radish), Brassica oleracea (cauliflower), Spinacia oleracea (spinach) and Urtica dioica (stinging nettle)] with commercial AMF, Glomus intraradices and Gigaspora margarita. The experiment was carried out in controlled conditions in a growth room  as a  randomized plot design. At the end of the experiment, AMF root colonization, mycorrhizal dependence, spores density in soil, phosphorus (P) amount were determined and plant development parameters were evaluated.  Results indicated that the plant species (except stinging nettle) were symbiotic with AMF.  The highest AMF root colonization and mycorrhizal dependency ratio were determined in spinach x commercial AMF combination. Commercial AMF performed better than other plants in terms of mycorrhizal adaptation and development with cauliflower and spinach plants. Mycorrhizal dependence was determined to be the lowest AMF Gigaspora margarita. In addition, there was no statistically significant difference between mycorrhizal and non-micorhizal plants in terms of total phosphorus content.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3155-2695
Author: Hasret GÜNEŞ
Institution: VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİTKİ KORUMA BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0177-7677
Author: Semra DEMİR (Primary Author)
Institution: VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİTKİ KORUMA BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5757-6332
Author: Emre DEMİRER DURAK
Institution: VAN YÜZÜNCÜ YIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİTKİ KORUMA BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution TÜBİTAK-BİDEP
Project Number Proje No: 2209-A
Thanks Bu çalışma (Proje No: 2209-A) TÜBİTAK-BİDEP tarafından desteklenmiştir.
Dates

Application Date : February 11, 2019
Acceptance Date : June 13, 2019
Publication Date : October 31, 2019

APA Güneş, H , Demi̇r, S , Demi̇rer Durak, E . (2019). Brassicaceae, Chenopodiaceae ve Urticaceae Familyalarına Ait Bazı Bitkilerin Arbusküler Mikorhizal Funguslar (AMF)’la İlişkisi . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , Vol 22 (Suppl 1) , 102-108 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.525388