Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 206 - 211 2019-10-31

Gaziantep İline Ait Bazı Süt Ürünlerinde Bozulmaya Neden Olan Mayalardan Ekstraselüler Lipaz Enzimi Aranması ve Lipaz Aktivitesine Sahip Suşların Genotipik İdentifikasyonu
Detection of Extracellular Lipases and Genotypic Identification from Yeast Causing Spoilage of Some Dairy Products Produced in Gaziantep

Semih TOKAK [1] , İbrahim Halil KILIÇ [2] , Hüsniye Tansel YALÇIN [3] , Tuğçe DURAN [4]


Mayalar genellikle süt ürünlerinde yüksek miktarda bulunurlar; bu da onların protein, lipid, şeker ve organik asitlerce zengin substratlara iyi bir şekilde adapte olabilme yeteneklerini gösterir. Bozulmaya neden olan mayalar ve küfler, çoğu bakteri için çevresel koşulların uygun olmadığı (düşük pH, düşük su aktivitesi, aw) işlenmiş ve çiğ gıdalarda gelişim gösterebilmektedir. Mayaların süt ürünlerinde geniş bir dağılıma sahip olmaları proteolitik ve lipolitik aktivitelerinin bir sonucudur. Besin maddeleri ve oksijen gıdalardaki fungal bozulma tipini belirleyen ana faktörlerdir. Bu çalışmada Gaziantep ilindeki yerel marketlerden çeşitli süt ürünleri örnekleri (yoğurt, krema, tereyağı, lor peyniri, Antep peyniri) alındı. Toplam 20 maya suşu izole edildi ve tributirinden oluşan katı ortamdaki lipaz aktiviteleri açısından araştırıldı. ITS1 ve ITS4 primerleri kullanılarak ITS bölgesinin amplifikasyonu ve sekanslanması ile mayalardan 8 izolat Kluyveromyces marxianus, 8 izolat Candida intermedia, 2 izolat Pichia fermentans, 1 izolat Yarrowia lipolytica, 1 izolat Kluvyeromyces lactis olarak tanımlanmıştır.

Yeasts are usually found in high amounts in dairy products, which show their ability to adapt to substrates rich in protein, lipid, sugar and organic acids. A wide distribution of yeast in dairy products is a result of proteolytic and lipolytic activities. Spoilage yeasts and molds can grow in most processed and raw foods, where environmental conditions are not suitable for most bacteria (low pH, low water activity, aw). Nutrients and oxygen in food are the main factors that determine the type of fungal spoilage. In this study, dairy products samples (yoghurt, cream, butter, curd cheese, Antep cheese) were collected from local markets in Gaziantep province. In our study, a total of 20 yeast strains were isolated from dairy products and investigated for lipase activities in solid media containing tributyrin. Twenty yeast isolates identified by amplification and sequencing of the ITS region using ITS1 and ITS4 primers Yeasts were identified as Kluyveromyces marxianus (8 isolates), Candida intermedia (8 isolates), Pichia fermentans (2 isolates), Yarrowia lipolytica (1 isolate), Kluyveromyces lactis (1 isolate).

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-2239-0014
Author: Semih TOKAK (Primary Author)
Institution: KTO KARATAY UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0272-5131
Author: İbrahim Halil KILIÇ
Institution: GAZIANTEP UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4870-6267
Author: Hüsniye Tansel YALÇIN
Institution: EGE UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7353-4527
Author: Tuğçe DURAN
Institution: KTO KARATAY UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Gaziantep University
Project Number (FEF. 15.03)
Thanks This work was supported by the Scientific Research Unit of Gaziantep University (FEF. 15.03). We would like to sincerely thank the Scientific Research Unit of Gaziantep University for providing funding and necessary logistics for this research work
Dates

Application Date : April 18, 2019
Acceptance Date : May 31, 2019
Publication Date : October 31, 2019

APA Tokak, S , Kılıç, İ , Yalçın, H , Duran, T . (2019). Detection of Extracellular Lipases and Genotypic Identification from Yeast Causing Spoilage of Some Dairy Products Produced in Gaziantep . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , Vol 22 (Suppl 1) , 206-211 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.555727