Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 195 - 205 2019-10-31

Yem Fabrikalarında Çalışma Ortamı Fiziksel Risk Etmenlerinin Belirlenmesi ve İş Sağlığı Açısından Değerlendirilmesi
Determination of Physical Risk Factors in Work Environment of Feed Mills and Evaluation of Occupational Health

Ali AYBEK [1] , Selçuk ARSLAN [2] , Ali OKUMUŞ [3]


Türkiye’de yaklaşık olarak 500 yem fabrikası aktif olarak üretim yapmakta ve 6000’den fazla işçi bu işletmelerde çalışmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, yem fabrikalarında çalışan işçilerin fiziksel risk faktörlerinden (gürültü, partikül madde, aydınlatma, sıcaklık, bağıl nem, hava hızı) hangi düzeyde etkilendiklerini ergonomik açıdan değerlendirmektir. Araştırma, üç farklı yem fabrikasında, çalışanların mesai boyunca yoğun olarak çalıştığı depo, dozaj ve paketleme bölümlerinde yürütülmüştür. Gürültü değerleri bir gürültü ölçer kullanılarak, PM yoğunlukları kişisel örnekleyici ile gravimetrik yöntem kullanılarak ölçülmüştür. Aydınlatma, hava sıcaklığı, hava bağıl nemi ve hava hızı değerleri ise çok işlevli bir ölçüm cihazı ile belirlenmiştir. İşletmelerin her üç çalışma bölümünde oluşan gürültünün, en yüksek maruziyet eylem değerini (85 dBA) aştığı ve sınır değere (87 dBA) yaklaştığı, PM10 yoğunluğunun depo bölümlerinde önerilen sınır değeri (10 mg m-3) aştığı, aydınlatmanın dozaj ve paketleme bölümlerinde sınır değerlerin (1000 lux) altında olduğu belirlenmiştir. Diğer ortam fiziksel faktörlerden sıcaklık değerlerinin tüm çalışma bölümlerinde önerilen değerlerden yüksek olduğu, hava nemi ve akımı değerlerinin ise yetersiz olduğu belirlenmiştir. 

Approximately 500 feed mills are in operation in Turkey with more than 6000 workers employed in these enterprises. The objective of this study was to ergonomically evaluate the exposure of workers to the physical risk factors (noise, particulate matter (PM), lighting, air temperature, relative humidity, air velocity) in feed mills. The research was carried out in the storage, dosage, and packaging departments of three different feed mills. Noise values were measured with noise meter and PM concentration with a personal sampler using gravimetric method. Lighting, air temperature, relative humidity, and air velocity values were determined using a multi-function measuring device. It was determined that the measured noise exceeded the upper exposure action value (85 dBA) and was very close to the limit value (87 dBA), PM10 concentration in storage sections exceeded the recommended limit value (10 mg m-3), lighting in dosage and packaging sections was below the limit values (1000 lux) in the three departments of the enterprises. Temperature was higher than the recommended values in all departments and also humidity and air velocity values were determined to be insufficient.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3036-8204
Author: Ali AYBEK
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAS SUTCU IMAM UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4636-1234
Author: Selçuk ARSLAN
Institution: ULUDAĞ ÜNİVERSİTESİ

Orcid: 0000-0002-4615-4932
Author: Ali OKUMUŞ
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAS SUTCU IMAM UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING

Supporting Institution KSU Scientific Research Projects Management Unit
Thanks We thank the plant executives for cooperating with the researchers and KSU Scientific Research Projects Management Unit for supporting the study.
Dates

Application Date : May 16, 2019
Acceptance Date : June 30, 2019
Publication Date : October 31, 2019

APA Aybek, A , Arslan, S , Okumuş, A . (2019). Determination of Physical Risk Factors in Work Environment of Feed Mills and Evaluation of Occupational Health . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi , Vol 22 (Suppl 1) , 195-205 . DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.566547